Trauma can be any event that, when witnessed or experienced by a child or adolescent, is extremely distressing to them. These events are often in situations where children fear for their lives, the lives of others, or there has been a threat to their bodily integrity. There are many different kinds of trauma including:
Chronic Trauma is the experience of multiple traumatic events, often over a long period of time, such as:
- Experiencing sexual and physical abuse
- Witnessing violent fight between caregivers
Complex Trauma occurs with exposure of multiple invasive traumatic events from a young age. The trauma is often interpersonal in nature and is caused by the people children depend on for survival and safety.
Acute Trauma is a single traumatic event that lasts for a short time.
- Natural disaster
- House fire
- Car accident
- Being bitten by a dog
- A single incident of abuse